Discuss in detail the correct rules for doing Wudu
Wudu is obligatory or obligatory to attain purity before Ibadat and recitation of the Qur’an. Purity increases concentration, eliminates laziness, drowsiness and sleep, more mindfulness in worship with vigor. Thus, for the purity of worship, it is essential for every Muslim to know the rules of ablution.
Obligation of ablution is 4
Cooling, rinsing the nose and rinsing all the face thoroughly including blowing the nose.
Wash both hands including elbows.
Massage the head with wet hands and ears.
Wash both feet including the ankles.
Remember the time of ablution
You have to remember more while performing ablution
Maintaining this order of ablutions. That is, first he should wash his face, then he should wash his hands, then he should wash his head, then he should wash his feet. Because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) performed ablution while maintaining this order.
To preserve the tradition. That is, to preserve the tradition of washing the mentioned organs; So that after washing one part, there is no longer break than usual in the middle of washing the other part. Rather, one limb after another is washed continuously.
There is no difference in the method of performing ablution for men and women.
Detailed discussion on ablution
1. First of all, in order to attain holiness, one must take intention in one’s heart. You don’t have to read any prayers for this, or you don’t have to say anything. Niyat means to desire or resolve to do something. “I am performing ablution to attain holiness” – intention can be done only if there is this idea or desire in the heart It is “obligatory” to intend at the beginning of every work. (Sahih Bukhari: 1).
It is bidayat to recite a dua by uttering such a word in order to make niyat, so it cannot be done.
- Then you have to start performing ablution by saying “Bismillah”. (Abu Dawood: 101, Tirmidhi: 25).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Whoever says Bismillaah before starting ablution does not have ablution. (Tirmidhi: 25, Ibn Majah: 399. The hadith is Hasan.
Various hadiths have emphasized on starting ablution by saying Bismillah. For this reason, some scholars consider it obligatory to say “Bismillah” at the beginning of ablution. Nowadays most people perform ablution in the bathroom where it is makrooh to pronounce the name of Allah. Although it is makrooh to take the name or remembrance of Allah in the bathroom, but since it is emphasized in the hadith to say Bismillah, it is necessary to start the ablution by saying Bismillah even if one performs ablution in the bathroom.
- The right hand should be washed three times with water up to the wrists of both hands. At this time the fingers of the hand have to be slashed. (Abu Dawood, Mishkat: 401, Nasai Mishkat: 405). At that time, if there was a ring in his hand, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would wash it by shaking it. (Fiqh Sunnah: 1/81). Note that hands should not be dipped in ablution water until the wrists are washed. Because, no one knows where his hand was while sleeping. Or, if there is any impurity in the hand, the water of ablution will also become impure. Therefore, it is forbidden to wash one’s hands in ablution water until one has washed one’s hands up to the wrists.
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: If any one of you wakes up from his sleep, he should not put his hand in the water until he has washed it three times. Because none of you know where his hand reached at night. (Nasai)
- Rinse the nose with one ajla amount of water in the right hand and half the water, and clean the nose with the other half of the water and blow the nose with the left hand. At this time, water should reach all parts of the mouth and the upper part of the nose by cooling well. Most people rinse their noses first and then their noses – that’s not right.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to rinse his nose with water with half of his right hand, and he used to clean his nose with the other half of water, that is, he used to rinse and wash his nose at the same time. (Abu Dawood: 237, Tirmidhi: 6).
ablution wash hands
The first duty of ablution is to wash the whole face
5. Wash the whole face from the base of the forehead to the lobe of the two ears and below the chin. Bukhari and Muslim. Men who have thick beards must shave their beards with wet hands. And those who have light beard or white skin of the face, it is obligatory to reach the water. And, women or those who do not have a beard will give a handful of water under the chin, which also includes the mouth, but will not wash the throat.
ablution wash hands
The second duty of ablution is to wash both hands up to the elbows
. First wash the right hand and then the left hand along with the elbow. It is obligatory to wash from the tip of the finger to at least the elbow, however, it is better to wash a little more part with caution.
ablution wash head
The third obligation of ablution is to massage the head
. Massaging the head The correct rule of massaging the head: The most important act of worship after Iman is “Salat” or prayer. However, due to our personal indifference, the poorly educated lord and the wrong teachings of the book “Nurani Namaz Shiksha” how many mistakes exist among us in prayer.
We discussed the common misconceptions about massaging the head.
The first thing is to massage the head once, not three times. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) used to wash the limbs of ablution sometimes once, sometimes twice and sometimes thrice. But, he used to massage his head once. (See Mishkat, H. 393-394)
Secondly, it is bidat to massage the neck while massaging the head. Imam An-Nawawi (R) said, “Hadith is false in this regard and it is not Sunnah to do it is bidat. (Naylul Awtar 1/173 pages, Majmu Fatwa 1/56, Jadul Mayad 1/18).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) never massaged his neck, so rubbing his neck is against the way of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which is undoubtedly abandoned.
The third mistake: Noorani Namaz Shiksha or Maqsoodul Muminin. There is a saying in all these books that it is obligatory to massage one-fourth or one-third of the head. There is no basis for this saying, but the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to massage all the heads. So it is obligatory to massage all the heads.
The way the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to massage his head:
He used to massage the whole head once with wet fingers of both hands from front to back and from back to front. At the same time he used to massage the inner part of the ear with wet Shahadat finger and the outer part of the ear with the thumb. If you have a turban / scarf on your head, you should massage all the head with wet hands on the turban.
ablution wash feet
The fourth duty of ablution is to wash both feet thoroughly
. First the right foot and then the left foot should be washed well including the ankle. The toes of the left hand should be rubbed with the toes. At this time, it should be noted that the whole foot is washed well, the whole part under the git of many feet is not washed with water. If you do so, you will go to hell, because this is why ablution does not happen.
If you wear socks in winter or while performing ablutions, you do not have to take off your socks and wash your feet, you just have to massage the socks once. And any skin or cloth sock can be massaged (Tirmidhi).
Rules for massaging:
Wet fingers should be pulled from the soles of the feet to the ankles and massaged once. (Muslim, Mishkat 517). Massage the right foot with the right hand and the left foot with the left hand.
Being circumcised after ablution
1. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to take a little water at the end of the ablution and sprinkle water on the clothes around the place of shame. Abu Dawood, Nasai, Mishkat 361, Saheeh Albani.
Because, Satan whispers to people that your urine is dripping. Doing this will eliminate this whispering.
- Kalima Shahadat should be recited once after the ablution,
I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I do not associate anything with Him, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.
Pronunciation: Ashhadu al-la ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika-lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu. Meaning: I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is the One, He has no partner and His servants and messengers.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “The eight gates of Paradise will be opened for the person who performs ablution in full and recites Kalima Shahadat. He can enter with whatever he wants. ”
[Muslim 1/209, Mishkat: 269]
There are several important issues in ablution
If the place of ablution is dry with nails, ablution will not take place. (Sahih Tirmidhi: 41). Therefore, it is necessary to perform ablutions slowly and beautifully with attention. It is not proper to perform ablution in a hurry with other thoughts in mind, because if it does not include ablution, then the prayer will not be accepted! So we should be careful while performing ablution.
- The limbs of ablution should be washed once, twice or thrice. It is obligatory to do it once, it is better to do it three times at most. However, if you have head massage or foot socks, you have to do foot massage only once. Exaggeration more than three times – This work has been strongly criticized in Hadith. (Bukhari and Muslim, Mishkat 395-396.)
- Water cannot be wasted. Leaving the tape and performing ablution will waste water. It is better to perform ablution with water in a mug or a container. And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to perform ablution with one mud or 625 grams of water (about a quarter of a liter) (Bukhari and Muslim, Mishkat 439.)
- It is permissible to wipe the wet parts with a towel at the end of the ablution. (Ibn Majah 485, 46).
- It is permissible to perform the next prayer with one ablution – but the Prophet (peace be upon him) always performed a new ablution. On the day of the conquest of Makkah, he once prayed twice with one ablution.
- It is permissible to massage on cloth socks. There are saheeh hadeeths for it in Tirmidhi. Those who say that only leather socks can be massaged are wrong. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his Companions (may Allaah bless him and grant him peace) used to massage khuf (leather socks) and socks (cotton or woolen thick socks). (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat 53-54). If you are staying at Muqeem or at home, you will have to wear socks once a day for one night (24 hours) for three days and three nights. If the shoe that covers the ankle is worn and is worn while performing ablution, then it is permissible to massage it as well. (Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Mishkat 523). If there is impurity under the shoe, if it is rubbed well on the ground, it will become pure and the top of the shoe should be massaged. (Abu Dawood, Mishkat 503).
. If there is any wound or bandage on the body, you have to massage that part once with wet hands, you don’t have to wash it. (Sahih Fiqh Sunnah 1/161).
. There is no prohibition in Hadith to say the necessary words at the beginning of ablution and to greet or take salutation.
. Each organ has a different dua for washing – these are bidat. These were not read by the Prophet (peace be upon him), nor by the Companions, nor are there any statements from the four Imams. (Yadul Mayad 1/6).
- Ablution will not be ruined if blood comes out from any part of the body, more or less. (Bukhari, 29 pages).
- If the clothes are changed or the clothes are lifted above the knees, the ablution will not be broken.
- If vomiting occurs, laughing out loud inside or outside the prayer, bathing or carrying the dead person does not break the ablution.